What are the Saga design pattern and types available?
The Saga Pattern is a microservices architectural pattern to implement a transaction that extends multiple services.
A saga is a sequence of local transactions. Each service in a saga performs its own transaction and publishes an event. The other services listen to that event and perform the next local transaction. If one transaction fails for some reason, the saga also executes compensating transactions to undo the impact of the preceding transactions.
Consider a Food delivery service flow, When a user places an order, below could be the flow.
The food ordering service creates an order. At this point, the order is in PENDING status.
With the Saga pattern, it contacts the restaurant via the restaurant service.
The restaurant service attempts to place an order with the selected restaurant, Once the order is received by Restaurant it sends back an ORDER_ACCEPTED (if the order is accepted) or ORDER_REJECTED (if the order cannot be accepted) status.
The saga received the status ORDER_ACCEPTED or ORDER_REJECTED status and process the response to the customer accordingly.
The food order service then changes the status of the order, if the order is accepted then it displays an order confirmation message if the order is rejected it display an apologies message and suggest alternative restaurants.
Types of Saga:
In the next article, we will see in detail about the Type of Saga design patterns.